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Title: Designing patient-specific solutions using biomodelling and 3D-printing for revision lumbar spine surgery.
Authors: Thayaparan, G. K.
D'Urso, P. S.
Other Authors: Owbridge, M. G.
Thompson, R. G.
Keywords: Patient-specific solutions
Lumbar Spine Surgery
Patient-specific Factors
Surgeon Requirements
Healthcare Efficiencies
Epworth HealthCare, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Jun-2019
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Eur Spine J. 2019 Jun;28(Suppl 2):18-24.
Abstract: PURPOSE: Despite the variety of "off-the-shelf" implants and instrumentation, outcomes following revision lumbosacral surgery are inconstant. Revision fusion surgery presents a unique set of patient-specific challenges that may not be adequately addressed using universal kits. This study aims to describe how patient-specific factors, surgeon requirements, and healthcare efficiencies were integrated to design and manufacture anatomically matched surgical tools and implants to complement a minimally invasive posterior approach for revision lumbar fusion surgery. METHODS: A 72-year-old woman presented with sciatica and a complex L5-S1 pseudoarthrosis 12 months after L2-S1 fixation surgery for symptomatic degenerative scoliosis. Patient computed tomography data were used to develop 1:1 scale biomodels of the bony lumbosacral spine for pre-operative planning, patient education, and intraoperative reference. The surgeon collaborated with engineers and developed a patient-specific 3D-printed titanium lumbosacral fixation implant secured by L2-L5, S2, and iliac screws. Sizes and trajectories for the S2 and iliac screws were simulated using biomodelling to develop a stereotactic 3D-printed drill guide. Self-docking 3D-printed nylon tubular retractors specific to patient tissue depth and bony anatomy at L5-S1 were developed for a minimally invasive transforaminal approach. The pre-selected screws were separately sourced, bundled with the patient-specific devices, and supplied as a kit to the hospital before surgery. RESULTS: At 6-month follow-up, the patient reported resolution of symptoms. No evidence of implant dysfunction was observed on radiography. CONCLUSION: Pre-operative planning combined with biomodelling and 3D printing is a viable process that enables surgical techniques, equipment, and implants to meet patient and surgeon-specific requirements for revision lumbar fusion surgery.
DOI: 10.1007/s00586-018-5684-z
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0940-6719
Journal Title: European Spine Journal
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Anatomics Pty Ltd, St Kilda, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Descriptive Study
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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